In the wake of World War I, there was an American relief effort organized by Herbert Hoover to save the starving Russians. This makes Herbert Hoover the man who saved the most lives of anyone in history. The Great Famine is a documentary about the worst natural disaster in Europe since the Black Plague in the Middle Ages. Five million Soviet citizens died. Half a world away, Americans responded with a massive two-year relief campaign, championed by Herbert Hoover, director of the American Relief Administration.